All About Menstruation
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All About Menstruation


Menstruation or Period is a normal, natural part of a healthy woman’s life. During menstruation, the lining of the uterus wall sheds and comes out as blood through a small opening called cervix and exits the body through the vagina. This occurs on a monthly basis and usually lasts up to 3-5 days.

Menstrual cycle

Menstrual cycle is a typical 28 day cycle where hormonal changes occur in a woman’s body preparing her for the possibility of pregnancy. The cycle is usually calculated from the first day of your period to the first day of the next period. It can range anywhere between 24-35 days. What is normal for one person may not be so with the other person. The length of the menstrual cycle may be affected by a lot of factors like sickness, stress, travel and food habits.

Phases of menstrual cycle

Every month one of the two ovaries releases an egg. The egg travels through the fallopian tubes and reaches the uterus. If the egg doesn’t get fertilized then the lining of the uterus sheds through the vagina as blood. The four phases of the menstrual cycle are discussed below:

  • Menstrual phase

The menstrual phase starts on the day one of your period where the lining of uterine wall (endometrium) sheds blood and expels it through the vagina. This so called menstrual blood lasts somewhere between 3-6 days. The blood loss is usually higher during the first three days and it gradually reduces. It is common to experience cramping during those days as it helps expel the blood.