Diet and Nutrients for Cat
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Diet and Nutrients for Cat

To be safe and healthy your cat always needs a well-balanced and meat based diet. You should be aware that your cat eats a balanced diet that is suitable for their age, lifestyle and health status.

It is always necessary to provide your cat with clean and easy accessibility to drinking water. Your cat may become severely ill if it doesn’t take water for an hour or more.

It is tough to meet the nutrient needs of your cat if you are providing him with human foods. Some of the human foods (e.g. onions) can be poisonous to your cat.

Cats are naturally used to taking several meals a day. So it is necessary to feed them daily by splitting their intake into several small meals.

The fundamental nutrients that your cat should intake daily include:


It plays an important role in your cat’s diet. Since it cannot convert carbohydrates into energy, the larger part of it will come from protein and fat. Protein not only provides your cat with essential substance for growth but also provides energy to your cat for running, prowling and playing. It also helps in repairing the body tissues. The best sources of proteins are fish, eggs, dairy products, grains and soy.


It is the main source of energy for your cat. Intake of high fat diet may lead to obesity. But it is required to absorb vitamins and also as a source of fatty acids; which helps in healing wounds, reproductive performance and a healthy skin coat.


Cats cannot make use of carbohydrates as a main source of energy. However it can be used in diet for weight loss and other diseases.

It is rich in the below sources:

  • Rice
  • Potatoes
  • Whole grain breads and other grains
  • Corn
  • Barley


It is one of the important nutrients in your cat’s diet. Your cat’s water need mainly depends on the energy level that it possesses. If it is more active then large quantity of water is required and vice versa for the other.

Canned foods have significantly high moisture content which provides you cat with the required intake of daily water but fresh water intake is necessary.


It contains amino acids which help in the prevention of blindness, heart disease and developmental abnormalities in kittens. It is the important nutrient in your cat’s diet for growth and reproduction.

Feeding of the appropriate proportion of food:

Kitten’s diet:

It is important for you to provide your kittens with high level of proteins and fats when compared to grown up cats, as it provides your kitten with proper growth and development.

It usually requires a large amount of energy especially 3-4 times than that of adult cats. So it is necessary to provide him with seven to ten small meals per day.

Adult cat’s diet:

A regular diet is enough for adult cats. But it may require fewer calories than a kitten. So it is necessary to provide him with five to six meals per day.

Senior cat’s diet:

Obesity is the major problem for senior cats which causes an increased risk of diabetes, liver problems and joint pain. In order to prevent obesity it requires good quantity of protein with less fat content.