Aids - Symptoms

The symptoms of HIV may differ from one person to another and some won’t get any symptoms at all. If we do not treat it, then it will get worse and damage the immune system.

Symptoms may include the following:

Initial stages:

  • Fever
  • Joint aches and pains
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash on the arms, legs, face, or belly
  • Night sweats
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle pain

The above symptoms represents that your body is reacting to the HIV virus. It may be too early to get an accurate HIV test result at this stage, but the level of virus may be high at this stage.

The flu-like illness that often occurs a few weeks(one to four weeks) after HIV infection is also known as seroconversion illness. Experiencing these symptoms alone is not a reliable way of diagnosing HIV.

Asymptomatic HIV infection:

After the initial symptoms are over, HIV will often not cause any further symptoms for many years. However, the virus will still be active, infecting new cells and making copies. During this time it will cause a lot of damage to your immune system.

Symptomatic HIV infection:

During this time, patients may have no symptoms until the immune system is weakened or the disease has progressed to AIDS.

Some of the symptoms during this stage include:

  • Weight loss
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
  • Fever, chills, and night sweats
  • Skin problems
  • Recurrent infections
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Blurred or distorted vision
  • Serious life-threatening illnesses

Earlier diagnosis and treatment of HIV will prevent these problems. It is highly recommended to take an HIV test if you experience the above mentioned symptoms, if you had unprotected sex or shared needles or IV drugs

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