Based on your symptoms and its severity, some treatment options are available for gallstones as follows.
Surgery is performed to remove your gallbladder. This is often recommended especially when your symptoms are severe. Once your gallbladder is removed, bile flows directly from your liver into your small intestine, rather than being stored in your gallbladder. A less invasive procedure called Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is used to perform the surgery. Please note that gallbladder removal doesn't affect your ability to digest food.
Drugs made from bile acids are used to dissolve the gallstones. Medicines may also be given to dissolve cholesterol gallstones. It is to be noted that these pills may take several years to work (eliminate the gallstones) and also the stones may come back after some time.
Ultrasonic shock waves are aimed at the gallstones to break them up into tiny fragments. If they become small enough, then they can then pass through safely in the patient’s stools after taking the necessary medications. This treatment is not common or recommended because gallstones may often come back.