Heart attack - Treatment

During heart attack, more heart tissues lose oxygen and die. The main way to prevent heart damage is to restore blood flow quickly.

Treatment of heart attacks includes:

  1. To prevent blood clot in arteries Antiplatelet medications are used.
  2. To open the blocked arteries clot-dissolving medication is used.
  3. To prevent growth of blood clots in the arteries Anticoagulant medications are used.
  4. Supplemental oxygen to increase the supply of oxygen to the heart's muscle.
  5. Medications to prevent abnormal heart rhythms.
  6. Cardiac surgery.

Other treatments:

Thrombolytic: These are also called as clot busters to dissolve the blood clot that blocks the blood flow to your heart. In earlier days, these drugs were taken after a heart attack to increase the chance of survival with less heart damage.

Aspirin: It helps in reducing blood clot in the artery.

Antiplatelet agents: To prevent new blood clot and keep existing clots from getting larger.

Pain relievers: Pain reliever, such as morphine, to make you comfortable.

Nitroglycerin: It helps in increasing the blood flow to the heart.

Beta blockers: It helps in relaxing the heart muscles, reducing blood pressure and slows your heartbeat.

ACE inhibitors: These drugs lower blood pressure and reduce stress on the heart.


Surgical procedure:

Coronary artery bypass surgery:  After you have recovered from the heart attack, you doctor may suggest you to perform a bypass surgery. It involves sewing the veins or arteries in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery, allowing blood flow to the heart to bypass the narrowed section.

Coronary angioplasty and stenting:  It helps to determine whether a blockage or narrowing has occurred in the coronary arteries and also to locate the exact location of the blockage or narrowing.

A liquid dye is injected into the arteries of your heart through a long, thin tube that's fed through an artery, usually in your leg or groin, to the arteries in your heart. The dye makes the arteries visible on X-ray, revealing areas of blockage.

Then a special balloon is briefly inflated to open a blocked coronary artery. A metal mesh stent may be inserted into the artery to keep it open for a long term, restoring blood flow to the heart. Depending on your condition, the doctor will choose to place a stent coated with a slow-releasing medication to help keep your artery open.

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