Thyroid - Treatment

Thyroid is mainly treated by the following methods.

Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy:

Most of the people have thyroid gland that cannot produce enough thyroid hormone necessary for the cells results in Hypothyroidism. It is the most common reason for needing thyroid hormone replacement.It is important to understand that every patient's therapy might be different. The goal of the replacement therapy is to closely replicalte the functioning of the normal thyroid gland with the thyroid gland which is not functioning properly.

Many people who take this treatment cannot have any side effects.

Thyroid Hormone Suppression Therapy:

Thyroid gland stops growing when you reduce the amount of TSH in your body. This therapy is used to prevent the growth of microscopic tumors that cannot be detected and removed. 

This also helps to prevent the further growth of the thyroid gland. It is mainly used in patients with thyroid cancer to prevent the re-occurrence and progression of the cancer.

Radioactive iodine:

It results in the destroying the parts of the thyroid glands. This keeps the hyperthyroidism under control. Destroying it too much can result in hypothyroidism. It has to be given in low level so that it does not damage or have any negative effect on the rest of the body. It should not be given to pregnant women as it may destroy the thyroid gland of the fetus.

Larger doses of regular iodine:

It do not destroy the thyroid gland but helps to block the release of the thyroid hormones. It is mainly used in the emergency treatment of thyroid storm and to reduce the excess production of thyroid hormones before surgery.

Anti-thyroid medications :

It results in the decreased production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. Larger dose may work quickly but can cause side effects including:

1. Diarrhea.

2.  Sweating a lot.

3.  Anxiety or irritability.

4.  Difficulty in falling asleep

5.  Abnormal heart beats.

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland:

The surgical removal of the thyroid  gland is called as thyroidectomy. It is necessary on the follwoing conditions.

1. If there are cancerous nodules.

2. If the person cannot take radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications or if it doesn’t work.

3. If there is a problem in breathing or swallowing for non-cancerous nodules.

4. If the nodule with fluid continues to create some problem.

Treatment for thyroid cancers:

After the surgery of the thyroid cancer, the thyroid hormone is needed to replace the function of the removed thyroid gland. Thyroid Hormone Suppression Therapy is mainly used in the treatment of thyroid cancer. It results in the reduction in the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in your body.

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