Most of the hemorrhoids can be treated and cured by changing the normal food habits and following some simple diet procedure. It requires surgery if the hemorrhoids are large and painful. But some may require surgical and non-surgical procedure:
Non-Surgical procedures (fixative procedure):
Rubber band ligation:
In this procedure, the doctor will place a small rubber band around the internal hemorrhoids to cut off the flow of blood circulation which causes the hemorrhoids to wane and fall off within a week’s time after the surgery.
Most of the people having hemorrhoids are treated by this procedure. It may not be severe in most cases but sometimes cause bleeding and an uncomfortable feeling after banding.
Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar):
This technique of treating hemorrhoids causes the higher rate of recurrence than the other two procedures. This method involves the use of laser or infrared or heat. Even though there is a small amount of bleeding during this treatment it has side effects too. It causes the internal hemorrhoids to get harden and shrink.
This procedure involves the injection of chemical substance into the affected tissue to shrink it. It is less effective than the rubber band surgery and also causes little pain during injection.
If any of the procedure is not helpful and the hemorrhoids is large and affected tissues get developed then your doctor suggest for surgical procedures.
Stapler method (Hemorrhoid stapling):
It involves blocking the blood flow to the hemorrhoids tissue which causes less pain and makes the affected person to return to his normal activities earlier. This surgical procedure causes high recurrence and rectal prolapse, in which a small portion of rectum may bulge through the anus.
Hemorrhoidectomy (Surgical removal of hemorrhoids):
It is the most effective way of treating the hemorrhoids that are severe and cause bleeding. It can be used for large internal hemorrhoids, or when the affected person has many small hemorrhoids and also if the other procedures doesn’t control bleeding. External hemorrhoids can also be treated effectively by this procedure.
Complication involves emptying of the urinary bladder and tract infection. Sometimes a combination of treatments (for example, a fixative procedure and a hemorrhoidectomy) is the most effective way to treat hemorrhoids.