Kidney stones - Treatment


Treatment for kidney stone completely depends on your condition and the type, size of the stone. Once the doctor examines and gets your results, he will suggest you any of the following treatments.

Small Kidney stones:

Smaller stones are usually associated with the size between 0 to 5mm. These types of stones generally do not require any treatments or surgical methods.

Drink enough water for frequent urination. Keep your body hydrated all the time with water and other healthy fluids which your doctor may subscribe.

In case you’re admitted, your physician might help you with continuous intravenous fluids for frequent urination. Also, your doctor might prescribe you some medication to relieve from the pain.

Maximum chances are there that the stone might pass through the urine and you will be discharged relieved but not before your doctor run through another sets of tests or scans.

Large Kidney stones:

Most of the larger stones can be removed with the following procedures.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL):

A non-invasive method which uses high-energy shock waves to crush the kidney stone into smaller pieces so that they can more easily pass into the bladder.

Here the lithotripter generates shock wave that passes through the person’s body. Rarely might you require more than one session of ESWL treatment to completely remove the stones. This procedure requires general anesthesia as it can be little uncomfortable.

Ureteroscopy:

This is another non-invasive method which involves passing a fiber-optic camera up into the ureter and kidney, under anesthesia by an Urologist.

With that the stone is located and can be pulled out by some medical tools. If the stone is large, the flexible fiber attached to a laser generator is used break the stone into smaller pieces which then passes through the urine.

After this, a Stent (small tube) may be placed in the ureter to relieve swelling and segregate the minute stone particles, if any. It’s only kept as a precautionary measure and will be removed within one or two weeks as advised by your doctor.  

You may require general or local anesthesia during this procedure.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy:

It is a surgical method to remove the stones which involves a small incision in your back. This procedure requires general anesthesia and you might have to stay in hospital for 2-3 days depending on your health condition and recovery state.

In this procedure, through the incision, the surgeon gets to the kidney with a fiber-optic camera and other instruments and then removes the stone through a tube. Usually, larger stones which cannot be successfully treated through other methods are removed in this one. Again, it all depends on your age, size of the stone, and health condition.

This method is rarely used as it involves an open surgery. Over 95% of stones are removed with the other two methods.

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